The Tiananmen Square Massacre Photo Series

Website commemorates June 4th.

On the sixth of March, 1989, an organization called China News Digest International, Inc. (CND) was established in the state of Maryland. The company’s website states the following:

China News Digest International, Inc. (CND) is a IRS-determined 501(c)(3) non-profit organization registered in the State of Maryland, United States. CND publications, including the first-ever online Chinese magazine, Hua Xia Wen Zhai (HXWZ), can be accessed free of charge. CND is independent of any other organizations and strives to be impartial on the issues and news it reports. (English translation of the original Chinese)

CND website

On March 6th, 1999, CND marked its ten-year anniversary with a special issue. It contained a letter from the then Editor-in-Chief, Bo Xiong, in which he answered the question “What is CND?” He states:

CND is a volunteer news organization operating on the internet to disseminate news aboiut China.

The world is no longer what it was, the internet is no longer what it was and the free services provided by CND are greatly expanded.

CND maintains its voluntary and non-profit nature of the organization, continues to aim at providing news and other information services to readers who are concerned primarily about China-related affairs, remains independent and strives to be impartial on issues and news it reports.

Bo Xiong, Editor-in-Chief

In the People’s Republic of China news is very strictly controlled and censored, such that Chinese citizens only get whatever information that the government allows them to have. In a society where harmony is paramount, controlling the message is essential and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) will go to great lengths to see to it that this happens.

What CND offered its readers instead was unfiltered news about the issues that were important to them, from an independent and unbiased source. Although the website isn’t available in China, the people reading it were originally from there and likely as not some would have left family and friends behind in China. Chinese citizens could then potentially receive news reports from abroad, which would at least give them a much better idea about what was really happening within their own country.

TAM Photo Series

In addition to the TAM Massacre Photo Series, CND also has a TAM Demonstration Photo Series on its website. These images were taken between April 19th, when the first act of defiance took place in Tiananmen Square, and the day of the massacre on June 3rd.

June 3rd-16th, 1989

There were still a few western journalists in Tiananmen Square square, referred to by some as TAM, when the PLA began rolling in on the night of June 3rd, but Chinese security agents would be on the lookout for them. Their cameras and film would be confiscated in order to ensure that no photographic evidence would make it to the outside world. They faced the possibility of being held in detention, or perhaps even worse.

However, as the Chinese People’s Liberation Army began liberating the people from their time here on Earth, some very brave individuals decided to put their own safety in great peril in order to capture these events on film. A picture taken by AP photographer Jeff Widener, which would come to be known as “Tank Man”, would become one of the most iconic photographs of the twentieth century.

A warning however that some of the images are graphic in nature and may be disturbing to some people. Discretion is advised.

 A young man stands in front of tanks heading down Chang’an Boulevard on June 5, 1989, in front of the Beijing Hotel. The tanks stopped their advance momentarily as he pleaded for an end to the killing in China’s capital. (Photo by AP Photographer Jeff Widener)
A young girl presents flowers to the Monument to the People’s Heroes on TAM square.
A worker is helped through the crowd at TAM after being wounded in a clash with police outside the Great Hall of the People. The army helmet he is carrying fell off a soldier during the melee (6/3)..
Beijing citizens yell oaths against the Chinese government as they surround the body of a man who died when an armored personnel carrier on its way to Tiananmen Square crashed through a troop convoy.
 Tanks and a dead body on Tiananmen Square at dawn of June 4th.
With tears in their eyes, student withdraw from TAM (early morning 6/4).
Beijing citizens help remove an injured student from TAM following a clash with Chinese army troops (6/4).
A crowd of Chinese give way to a busload of foreign tourists to watch a dead body Monday morning, victim of the first night of violence as PLA troops shot their way into TAM (6/5).
Relatives and friends, covering their noses against the stench, try to identify the dead at Fuxing Hospital in western Beijing (6/5).
A rickshaw driver fiercely paddle the wounded with the help of bystanders to a nearby hospital. Soldiers again fired hundreds of rounds towards angry crowds gathered outside TAM (6/4).
Dead bodies, victims of last two days of violence in Beijing, lay in a makeshift morgue at the Post and telecommunications Hospital in western Beijing (6/5).
Relatives outside Beijing’s Post and Telecommunications Hospital Monday mourn the death of a Beijing University student killed during the last two days of violence (6/5).
A bloody dead body was removed from the street.
A seriously wounded student lying on a stretcher is transported to a hospital.
Students carry a gun-fire wounded classmate to the hospital.
A human body was crushed to pieces by PLA’s tanks.
PLA soldiers, with guns pointing at the students on TAM, stand in front of the Great Hall of the People. The gun fire from one of the guns can be seen in the picture.
Tiananmen Square, and the area of Chang’an Boulevard in front of it, became an armed camp after more than 200 tanks came into the city overnight (6/5).
Ten armed soldiers beating a student to death in TAM Square during the massacre (6/4).
Beijing citizens show bullets and shells to news reporters.
Two people hiding beneath a car as a military truck passes by (6/7).
Fang Lizhi, astrophysicist andChina’s most famous dissident, has been allowed to take refuge in the US Embassy in Beijing, a State Dept. spokesman in Washington announced Tuesday. Hard-liners have blamed Fang for instigating the China’s student democracy movement. This photo was taken on June 3rd.
A wall of tanks and APCs greet bicycle commuters near TAM Square (6/13).
China national TV reportedThursday(6/16/89) a Shanghai Court has sentenced three men to death in anti-government riot of June 6. He is one of the three (6/16).
PLA tanks on Jian Guo Men Wai Bridge after Tian An Men massacre.
Truckloads of PLA soldiers driving to TAM on Chang An Boulevard.

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